The most commonly reported issues for cancer survivors are physical problems (such as pain and fatigue) and psychosocial problems (such as fear of recurrence). Cancer survivors also have an increased risk of developing secondary comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease.
With growing numbers of cancer survivors in the world, there is a need to provide interventions that mitigate the adverse effects of cancer treatments and prevent future disease and cancer recurrence.
Exercise-based rehabilitation is now recognised as an essential element of cancer survivorship care. Multidisciplinary, oncology rehabilitation programs have been implemented for people with cancer in many parts of the world. These programmes are based on exercise and supplemented by multidisciplinary education and lifestyle counselling.