Compression garments and recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage: a meta-analysis
Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is commonly seen in training and athletic competitions and is characterized by reduced muscle strength, swelling, decreased range of motion and increased soreness that can last for days. This can have an impact on long-term training programs and competition and a number of modalities have been investigated to treat and reduce the effects of EIMD, including compression garments.
Compression garments are regularly used to treat venous insufficiency and deep venous thrombosis, however, they are becoming more popular in sports as a means to improve recovery from strenuous exercise and have been adopted by a number of famous athletes. Scientific evidence is mixed at best and the authors of this study tried to clarify the role of compression garments by doing a meta-analysis.
12 studies, with a total of 205 participants, met the inclusion criteria. The authors found that when compression garments were worn after, or during and after, intense exercise, participants had a moderate reduction in delayed onset of muscle soreness, reduced decrements in strength and power and accelerated recovery of muscle function. This has implications for both elite and recreational athletes. > From Hill et al. Br J Sports Med (2013) (Epub ahead of print). All rights reserved to BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
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