Risk factors for groin/hip injuries in field-based sports (FBS)
Groin/hip injuries are common in the athletic population, particularly in sports requiring kicking, twisting, turning and rapid acceleration and deceleration, contributing with 10 % of all attendances to sports medicine centers. This systematic review aims to identify and examine the evidence for groin/hip injury risk factors in field based sports (FBS).
11 significant risk factors for groin/hip injury for FBS players were identified. The most prominent risk factor identified was previous groin/hip injury. In order of prominence, risk factors identified were: previous injury, older age, body mass, weak hip adductor muscles, biologically early maturating players, smaller dominant femur diameter, decreased hip abduction ROM and total hip rotation ROM and strength ratios of hip muscle groups (hip abduction and adduction-with-rotation peak torque and bilateral difference in extension peak torque).
The most prominent limitation of the review is the heterogeneity of the studies disallowing meta-analysis. > From: Ryan et al., Br J Sports Med (2014) (Epub ahead of print). All rights reserved to BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
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