Implementation of a neuromuscular training programme in female adolescent football: 3-year follow-up study after a randomised controlled trial
A larger gender discrepancy exists in the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, with female athletes two to three times more likely to sustain the injury. Neuromuscular training (NMT) has shown to have a positive effect in reducing ACL injuries. Nevertheless, few studies have actually evaluated the implementation of NMT programs in sports. The following study investigated the effect of an NMT protocol in female adolescent football three years following a randomised controlled trial (RCT).
The cross-sectional follow-up after the initial RCT indicated that the reach of the NMT program was high, with 99% of trial coaches and 91% of current coaches reporting that they were familiar with the protocol. 74% of current coaches were still implementing NMT, however, modifications to the original program was common. Furthermore, no district football associations had formal policies regarding implementation.
Overall, the reach, perceived effectiveness, and adoption of the NMT program was fairly high. However, many coaches had modified the original content, or used it sporadically. > From: Lindblom et al., Br J Sports Med (2014) (Epub ahead of print). All rights reserved to BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
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