Effects of core strength training in adolescents
Core muscle strength is an important basis for several sport and everyday activities. The core being a link facilitating the transfer of force between the lower and upper extremities Core strength training is an effective means to improve trunk muscle strength in youth, however using unstable surfaces are as yet unresolved in youth.
Twenty-seven healthy subjects were randomly assigned to two groups, and followed training programs for 6 weeks / 2 sessions a week. One of the groups trained on unstable surfaces. The programs included frontal, dorsal, and lateral core exercises. The training aimed at changing related measures of strength, speed, flexibility, coordination, and balance. The effect of the training programs were assessed by means of the Bourban TMS test, standing long jump test, 20-m sprint test, stand-and-reach test, jumping sideways test, Emery balance test and Y balance test. Positive effects of core strength training on physical performance were found although postural positions during training and testing conditions were different.
The main findings were that performance in physical fitness tests significantly improved in both groups over the 6-week training period. Only very limited additional effects of training on unstable surfaces were obtained.
> From: Granacher et al., BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 6 (2014) 40. All rights reserved to The Author(s). Click here for the Pubmed summary.