How to assess knee joint effusion in knee osteoarthritis

Which tests can be recommended?

Knee joint effusion is a common symptom in individuals with knee OA. Studies revealed the evidence of knee effusion in nine out of ten people with knee OA, with 55% having a moderate to large effusion. Thus, the assessment of knee effusion is a crucial part of the physical examination in these patients. Although, a broad range of clinical tests for knee effusion exists, the knowledge of the reliability and validity of these tests is lacking. 

 
 

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