Lower limb injuries are common in the running population. Running retraining (RR) is believed to lower the risk of running related injuries, however currently, there is a lack of evidence on this subject. This study investigated the current evidence on RR. Substantial evidence was found for the immediate biomechanical effects of RR, including evaluation of step rate and strike pattern manipulation, strategies to improve kinematics and to reduce loading. In addition, experts recommend RR and specifically tailored approaches to each injury and individual.