Forces during head-to-chest impact in American football

What are the effects of a hit to the chest on the neck and neural tissue?

Much of the existing concussion research focuses on the direct impact to the head, but it is also known that forces that go through the body following a chest impact can result in a concussion.

This study aimed to determine the forces going through the chest during a head-to-chest collision in American football. Forces were measured both with and without a helmet.

On top of that, a finite element study was conducted using a Global Human Body Model Consortium (GHBMC) to investigate the forces through the cervical spine upon impact.

 

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