Functional coupling of deep abdominal and paraspinal muscles

Effects of simulated paraspinal and abdominal muscle contraction on force transfer to the thoracolumbar fascia

The thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) consists of aponeurotic and fascial layers that interweave the paraspinal and abdominal muscles into a complex matrix stabilizing the lumbosacral spine. To better understand low back pain, it is essential to appreciate how these muscles cooperate to influence lumbopelvic stability.


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