Segmental motion testing in patients with LBP

...what is its validity and reliability?

Despite their widespread use, segmental motion tests (passive accessory and physiological intervertebral motion tests, PAIVM and PPIVM, respectively) were found to have poor sensitivity and reliability, while specificity was generally high.

The reliability of the prone instability test (PIT) was inconsistent. In light of the currently available evidence, their clinical use cannot be recommended, especially when performed in isolation.


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