Depression and exercise in group medical interventions
Physical activity has been shown to be effective in managing the symptoms of depression. This article has looked at the benefits of exercise incorporated group medical intervention in the treatment of depression and anxiety. It also reviews the participants’ exercise levels three months post intervention. Group medical interventions have been shown to be successful in the treatment of chronic illnesses, and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle. However no study has looked at the effects of incorporating exercise into these classes. It also looks at the effects of exercise advice on participants activity levels three months after the intervention has ceased.
15 participants who have been diagnosed with depression for at least 2 years took part in this study. Physical activity levels were measured using daily step counts, Depression was recorded using PHQ-9 forms and anxiety was scored using GAD-7 questionnaire. The 14 week group medical intervention included equal durations of group psychiatric discussion and walking/exercise advice, hatha yoga was also practiced for 11 weeks.
This study has shown that the incorporation of walking, yoga and exercise advice into a group medical intervention has a positive effect on improving anxiety and depression scores. Anxiety levels were seen to decrease by 50%, while depression improved by 38%. Physical activity levels did not show a significant increase. This study shows that exercise incorporated group medical interventions are successful in improving anxiety and depressive symptoms, but do not alter physical activity levels.
> From: , BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 1 (2017) e000036. All rights reserved to BMJ Publishig Group Ltd. Click here for the online summary.